What are the roles in Scrum?

The roles Scrum Master, Scrum Development Team and Scrum Product Owner in Scrum


In agile Scrum, there are three roles according to the Scrum Guide 2020:

The introduction of Scrum can be associated with difficulties, e.g. in established, older and long-established companies there may be specialist departments that only work together to a limited extent (establishment of silos). Scrum requires the right attitude, the courage to create new things, to reject them and to allow experimentation. Scrum is simple, deliberately incomplete, and aims at the collective intelligence of people.

The Scrum team is small (5-9 participants; by avoiding social laziness) and is multidisciplinary in structure to be able to develop a product such as a website, app or refrigerator in all task spectrums (testing, developing the software). The Scrum team must have sufficient skills. Scrum teams organize themselves independently and on their own responsibility. The Scrum team focuses on a product goal. Scrum teams must communicate well and be in the same room. It is attempted after each sprint, a period of one to four weeks of development time to create a functional increment (for example, a functionality of a software specified by the Product Owner) which creates a verifiable value. There are no hierarchies in a Scrum team. All Scrum members work together on a product backlog, a task list with the functions of the software or hardware.

When creating a Scrum team, existing position titles (such as Architect, Engineer, or Designer) remain. Roles are used to define a Scrum team, the framework of a Scrum project, and aims to promote the effectiveness and productivity of a Scrum team. A Scrum team is an interdisciplinary team and is difficult to assemble. The more complex and difficult the projects are, the more difficult it is to assemble an interdisciplinary team.



Request for EXIN Agile Scrum

You want to take an EXIN Agile Scrum training? Please fill out the following form. We will then get in touch with you.

EXIN Partner




First name
Last name
E-Mail
Message